Augmentation of bone and soft tissues
In order to ensure a great long-term result of implant treatment, it is essential to have adequate width and height of the bone at the site of the planned implantation, as well as healthy and thick enough soft tissues (gums).
Technically, the implant can also be inserted into a narrow bone area, but over time this thin bone wall will absorb. It may result in inflammation, bone loss around the implant, worsening of the aesthetic result and even in implant failure.
How can such complications be avoided?
First of all, we always perform implantation only after thorough planning according to 3D X-ray of jaws - CBCT, where we can measure parameters such as width, height, and density of bone. Based on this, we select the most appropriate type, diameter and length of the implant.
If atrophy has already occurred and the initial bone conditions are not sufficient for implantation, you do not have to despair. The so-called augmentation (addition) of the bone is performed. It is a painless procedure that, like implantation, is usually done in local anesthesia, and during which the doctor will "add" the bone that is necessary for the long-term outcome of the implant treatment.
Methods of augmentation are different, from so-called guided bone regeneration (using special materials and collagene the membranes) to bone augmentation using bone blocks and sinus lift - methods to restore conditions for implantation even for patients with severe atrophy of the jaw bones.